The list below includes all papers written by the RAPID 26°N team and their collaborators, arranged by publication year.

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020


Pending recovery in the strength of the meridional overturning circulation at 26°¿N
Ben I. Moat, David A. Smeed, Eleanor Frajka-Williams, Damien G. Desbruyères, Claudie Beaulieu, William E. Johns, Darren Rayner, Alej andra Sanchez-Franks, Molly O. Baringer, Denis Volkov, and Harry L. Bryden Ocean Sci. Discuss., accepted, 2020.

The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in high resolution models
Hirschi, Joël J.¿M.; Barnier, Bernard; Böning, Claus; Biastoch, Arne; Blaker, Adam T.; Coward, Andrew; Danilov, Sergey; Drijfhout, Sybren; Getzlaff, Klaus; Griffies, Stephen M.; Hasumi, Hiroyasu; Hewitt, Helene; Iovino, Doroteaciro; Kawasaki, Takao; Kiss, Andrew E.; Koldunov, Nikolay; Marzocchi, Alice; Mecking, Jennifer V.; Moat, Ben; Molines, Jean¿Marc; Myers, Paul G.; Penduff, Thierry; Roberts, Malcolm; Treguier, Anne¿Marie; Sein, Dmitry V.; Sidorenko, Dmitry; Small, Justin; Spence, Paul; Thompson, LuAnne; Weijer, Wilbert; Xu, Xiaobiao, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans.,125, 2020

Synthesis and evaluation of historical meridional heat transport from midlatitudes towards the Arctic
Liu, Yang; Attema, Jisk; Moat, Ben; Hazeleger, Wilco. Earth System Dynamics, 11 (1). 77-96.

Reduction in ocean heat transport at 26°N since 2008 cools the eastern subpolar gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean
Harry L. Bryden, William E. Johns, Brian A. King, Gerard McCarthy, Elaine L. McDonagh, Ben I. Moat, and David A. Smeed Journal of Climate, (in press)


Sustainable observations of the AMOC: Methodology and Technology
G.D. McCarthy, P.J. Brown,C.N. Flagg,G. Goni,L. Houpert,C.W. Hughes,R. Hummels,M. Inall,K. Jochumsen,K.M.H. Larsen,P. Lherminier,C.S. Meinen,B.I. Moat,D. Rayner,M. Rhein,A. Roessler,C. Schmid,D.A. Smeed Reviews of Geophysics, (in press)

Insights into Decadal North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature and Ocean Heat Content Variability from an Eddy-Permitting Coupled Climate Model
B. I. Moat, B. Sinha, S. A. Josey, J. Robson, P. Ortega, F. Sévelle, N. P. Holliday, G. D. McCarthy, A. L. New, and J. J.-M. Hirschi Journal of Climate, 32, 6137 - 6161

Teleconnection between the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and Sea Level in the Mediterranean Sea
Volkov D.L. , M. Baringer, D. Smeed, W. Johns, F. Landerer
Journal of Climate, 32, 935-955

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed Transport and Variability
Eleanor Frajka-Williams1, Isabelle J. Ansorge, Johanna Baehr, Harry L. Bryden, Maria Paz Chidichimo, Stuart A. Cunningham, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Shenfu Dong, Kathleen A. Donohue, Shane Elipot, Patrick Heimbach, N. Penny Holliday, Rebecca Hummels, Laura C. Jackson, Johannes Karstensen, Matthias Lankhorst, Isabela A. Le Bras, M. Susan Lozier, Elaine L. McDonagh, Christopher S. Meinen, Herlé Mercier, Bengamin I. Moat, Renellys C. Perez, Christopher G. Piecuch, Monika Rhein, Meric A. Srokosz, Kevin E. Trenberth, Sheldon Bacon, Gael Forget, Gustavo Goni, Dagmar Kieke, Jannes Koelling, Tarron Lamont,, Gerard D. McCarthy, Christian Mertens, Uwe Send, David A. Smeed, Sabrina Speich, Marcel van den Berg, Denis Volkov and Chris Wilson
Front. Mar. Sci., 6

Structure and variability of the Antilles Current at 26.5N
C. S. Meinen, W. E. Johns, B. I. Moat, R. H. Smith, E. H. Johns, D. Rayner, E. Frajka-Williams, R. F. Garcia, S. L. Garzoli
Journal of Geophysical research: Oceans,

Ocean precursors to the extreme Atlantic 2017 hurricane season
Samantha Hallam, Robert Marsh, Simon A. Josey, Pat Hyder, Ben Moat & Joel J.-M. Hirschi ,
Nature Communications, 10, Article number: 896


Meridional overturning and oceanic heat transport circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2017"]
Baringer M.O.,Willis. J., Smeed D.,Moat B., Dong S., Hobbs W.R., Rayner D.,Johns, W.E., Gonil G., Lankhorst M., and Send U.,
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 99 (8), S91-S94.

Recent multivariate changes in the North Atlantic climate system, with a focus on 2005 to 2016
J. Robson, et al., International Journal of Climatology, doi:10.1002/joc.5815

The North Atlantic Ocean Is in a State of Reduced Overturning
D. A. Smeed, S. A. Josey, C. Beaulieu, W. E. Johns, B. I. Moat, E. Frajka¿Williams, D. Rayner, C. S. Meinen, M. O. Baringer, H. L. Bryden, G. D. McCarthy
Geo. Res. Letters, 45, doi: 10.1002/2017GL076350

Atlantic multi-decadal variability and the UK ACSIS programme
Sutton, R.T.; McCarthy, G.D.; Robson, J.; Sinha, B.; Archibald, A.; Gray, L.J..
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99. 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0266.1


The Accuracy of Estimates of the Overturning Circulation from Basin Wide Mooring Arrays
B Sinha, D.A. Smeed, G. McCarthy, B. I. Moat, S. A. Josey, J. J.-M. Hirschi, E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, D. Rayner and G. Madec.
Progress in Oceanography , 160, 101-123, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001

Atlantic Meridonal Overturning Circulation
GD McCarthy, DA Smeed, SA Cunningham, CD Roberts

The importance of deep, basinwide measurements in optimised Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation observing arrays
McCarthy, G.D.; Menary, M.B.; Mecking, J.V.; Moat, B.I.; Johns, W.E.; Andrews, M.; Rayner, D.; Smeed, D.A..
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122 (3). 1808-1826.10.1002/2016JC012200

Large-scale forcing of the European Slope Current and associated inflows to the North Sea
Robert Marsh, Ivan D. Haigh, Stuart A. Cunningham, Mark E. Inall, Marie Porter and Ben I. Moat
Ocean Sci.,13,315-335, doi:10.5194/os-2016-61


Large-scale forcing of the European Slope Current and associated inflows to the North Sea
Robert Marsh, Ivan D. Haigh, Stuart A. Cunningham, Mark E. Inall, Marie Porter and Ben I. Moat
Ocean Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/os-2016-61

Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave
Aurelie Duchez, Eleanor Frajka-Williams, Simon Josey, Dafydd Evans, Jeremy Grist, Robert Marsh, Gerard McCarthy, Bablu Sinha, David Berry, and Joel J.-M. Hirschi
Environmental Research Letters, 11,7 , doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004

Major Variations in Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Heat Transport at Short (5 day) Timescales and their Causes
Ben Moat, Simon Josey , Bablu Sinha , Adam Blaker , David Smeed , Gerard McCarthy , William Johns , Joël Hirschi , Eleanor Frajka-Williams , D. Rayner , Aurélie Duchez and Andrew Coward
JGR Oceans, 121, 3237-3249. DOI: 10.1002/2016JC011660.

Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26°¿N
E. Frajka-Williams, C. S. Meinen, W. E. Johns, D. A. Smeed, A. Duchez, A. J. Lawrence, D. A. Cuthbertson, G. D. McCarthy, H. L. Bryden, M. O. Baringer, B. I. Moat, and D. Rayner
Ocean Sci., 12, 481-493, doi:10.5194/os-12-481-2016


Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2014"]
Baringer, M. O.,McCarthy G. D.,Willis. J.,Smeed, D. A., Rayner, D.,Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Lankhorst, M.,Send, U.,Cunningham, S. A., Kanzow, T. O.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 96 (7), S78-S80.

Historical analogues of the recent extreme minima observed in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26°N.
Blaker, A. T., Hirschi, J. J-M., McCarthy, G., Sinha, B., Taws, S., Marsh, R., Coward, A., de Cuevas, B.
Climate Dynamics,(44),457-473, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2274-6

Potential for seasonal prediction of Atlantic sea surface temperatures using the RAPID array at 26¿N
Duchez, A., Courtois, P.,Harris, E.,Josey,S.A., Kanzow T., Marsh R., Smeeed, D.A., Hirschi, J. J-M.
Climate Dynamics, 1-20,doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2918-1

Estimating the Atlantic overturning at 26N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements
Frajka-Williams, E.
Geophysicai Research Letters, 42. doi: 10.1002/2015GL063220

Compensation between meridional flow components of the AMOC at 26° N
Frajka-Williams E., Meinen C.S., Johns W.E., Smeed D.A., Duchez A., Lawrence A.J., Cuthbertson D.A., McCarthy G.D.,Bryden H. L., Moat B.I., Rayner D.
Ocean Sci. Discuss., 12, 2705-2741, doi:10.5194/osd-12-2705-2015

Ocean impact on decadal Atlantic climate variability revealed by sea-level observations
McCarthy, G.D.,Haigh, I. D.,Hirschi, J. J-M, Grist, J. P, Smeed, D. A.
Nature 521, 508-510. doi:10.1038/nature14491

The influence of ocean variations on the climate of Ireland.
McCarthy, G.D., Gleeson, E., Walsh, S.
Weather, 70(8), 242-245. doi: 10.1002/wea.2543

Measuring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N.
McCarthy, G.D., Smeed, D.A., Johns, W.E., Frajka-Williams, E., Moat, B.I.; Rayner, D., Baringer, M.O., Meinen, C.S., Collins, J., Bryden, H.L.
Progress in Oceanography, 130, 91-111, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006

Continuous Estimate of Atlantic Oceanic Fr eshwater Flux at 26.5°N
McDonagh E. L., King B. A., Bryden H. L., Courtois P., Szuts Z., Baringer M., Cunningham S. A., Atkinson C., McCarthy G.
J. Climate, 28, 8888¿8906. doi:

The Canary Basin contribution to the seasonal cycle of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N
Perez-Hernandez, M. D., McCarthy G. D., Velez-Belchi P., Smeed, D.A., Fraile-Nuez E.,Hernandez-Guerra A.
JGR Oceans, 120, 7237-7252, DOI: 10.1002/2015JC010969

Observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation yields a decade of inevitable surprises
Srokosz, M. A., Bryden H. L.
Science 348 (6241), 1255575. doi: 10.1126/science.1255575


Observed decline of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 2004 to 2012.
Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Baringer, M. O., Moat, B. I., Duchez, A., and Bryden, H. L.
Ocean Sci., 10, 28-38, doi: 10.5194/osd-10-29-2014.

A new index for the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N.
Duchez, A., Hirschi, J. J. M., Cunningham, S. A., Blaker, A. T., Bryden, H.L., De Cuevas, Atkinson, C. P., McCarthy, G. D., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Smeed, D., and Mizielinski, M. S.
J. Climate, 27, 6439-6455, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1

Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N.
Duchez, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Castro, N., Hirschi, J. J. M., Coward, A.
J. Geophysical Reasearch, 119, 1843-1860, doi:10.1002/2013JC009416.

The observed North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, its meridional coherence and ocean bottom pressure.
Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C. W. and Willis, J. K.
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 517-537. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1.

The Atlantic Overturning Circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate
Carton J., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Kwon, Y.-O., Marshall, D. P., Msadek, R.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95:ES163¿ES166. 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1

Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves and their effect on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N.
Clément, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Szuts, Z. B., Cunningham, S. A.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 119:6479¿6498. doi:10.1002/2014JC010146

Impact of a 30% reduction in Atlantic meridional overturning during 2009¿2010
H. L. Bryden, B. A. King, G. D. McCarthy, and E. L. McDonagh
Ocean Science, 10, 683-691, doi:10.5194/os-10-683-2014

Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2013"]
Baringer, M. O.,McCarthy G. D.,Willis. J.,Lankhorst, M.;Smeed, D. A.,Send, U.; Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Cunningham, S.A., Kanzow, T. O.,Frajka-Williams, E., Marotzke, J.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 95 (7), S67-S69.

Impact of Barents Sea winter air-sea exchanges on Fram Strait dense water transport
Moat, B.I.; Josey, S.; Sinha, B.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 119 (2). 1009-1021. 10.1002/2013JC009220


Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean.
Cunningham, S. A., Roberts, C., Johns, W. E., Hobbs, W., Frajka-Williams, E., Palmer, M., McCarthy, G., Rayner, D. and Smeed, D. A.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 6202-6207, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058464

[Global Oceans] Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2012"].
M. O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, G. McCarthy, J. Willis, S. Garzoli, M. Lankhorst, C. S. Meinen, U. Send, W. R. Hobbs, S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, D. A. Smeed, T. O. Kanzow, P. Heimbach, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Macdonald, S. Dong, and J. Marotzke
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94(8), S65-S68.

Eddy impacts on the Florida Current.
Frajka-Williams, E., W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, and S. A. Cunningham,
Geophys Res Let, 40(2), 349-353, doi:10.1002/grl.50115.

Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26°N and 41°N.
Mielke, C., E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Baehr
Geophys Res Let. 40, 1159-1164, doi:10.1002/grl.50233

Atmosphere drives recent interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N.
Roberts, C. D., Waters, J., Peterson, K. A., Palmer, M., McCarthy, G. D., Frajka-Williams, E. F., Haines, K. et al.
Geophys Res Let, 40, 1-7, doi:10.1002/grl.50930


Atlantic transport variability at 25°N in six hydrographic sections
Atkinson C., Bryden H.L., Cunningham S.A. and King B.A.
Ocean Sci. Discuss., 6, 8, 497¿523, doi:10.5194/os-8-497-2012.

Chaotic variability of the meridional overturning circulation on subannual to interannual timescales
Hirschi J. J.-M., A. T. Blaker, B. Sinha, A. Coward, B. de Cuevas, S. Alderson and G. Madec.
Ocean Sci. Discuss. 9, 3191-3238,

Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N
McCarthy G. D., Frajka-Williams E., Johns W. E., Baringer M. O., Meinen C. S., Bryden H. L., Rayner D., Duchez A., Roberts C. D. and Cunningham S.A.
Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L19609 .

Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport Observations in the Atlantic Ocean
Baringer M. O., Cunningham S.A., Meinen C. S., Garzoli S., Willis J., Lankhorst M., Macdonald A., Send U., Hobbs W. R., Frajka-Williams E., Kanzow T. O., Rayner D., Johns W. E., Bryden H. L. and Marotzke J.
in State of the Climate in 2011, Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt (eds.), Bull. Am. Met. Soc., in press.

Multiyear Prediction of Monthly Mean Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N
Matei D., Baehr J., Jungclaus J.H., Haak H., Muller W.A., Marotzke J.
Science. 335, 76-79

On the sub-decadal variability of South Atlantic Antarctic Intermediate Water
McCarthy G.D., King B.A., Cipollini P., McDonagh E.L., Blundell J.R. and Biastoch A.
Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L10605, doi:10.1029/2012GL051270.

Past, present and future change in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation
Srokoz M.A., Baringer M.O., Bryden H.L., Cunningham S.A., Delworth T., Lozier S., Marotzke J. and Suttion R.
Bull. Am. Met. Soc. 10.1175/BAMS-D-1111-00151.00151.

A vertical-mode decomposition to investigate low-frequency internal motion across the Atlantic at 26N
Sztus Z.B., Blundell J.R., Chidichimo M.-P. and Marotzke J.
Ocean Sci. 8, 345-367.


Detecting changes in the meridional overturning circulation at 26°N in the Atlantic from observations
Baehr J.
Deep-Sea Research Part II,58, 1833-1836.

Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic, in State of the Climate in 2010
Baringer M.O. et al.
Bull. Am. Met. Soc.,92, S95-S98.

South Atlantic overturning circulation at 24°S
Bryden H.L., King B.A. and McCarthy G.D.
J. Mar. Res.69(1), 38-55.

Variability of Antarctic bottom water at 26.5°N in the Atlantic
Frajka-Williams E., Cunningham S.A., Bryden H.L. and Hirschi J.J-M.
J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans. 116(C11), C11026.

Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic Ocean heat transport at 26.5°N
Johns W.E., Baringer M.O, Beal L.M., Cunningham S.A., Kanzow T., Bryden H.L., Hirschi J.J.-M., Marotzke J., Meinen C.S., Shaw B. and Curry R.
Journal of Climate. 24(10), 2429-2449.

Historical variability in Atlantic meridional baroclinic transport at 26.5°N from boundary dynamic height observations
Longworth H.R., Bryden H.L. and Baringer M.O.
Deep Sea Research Part II: Tropical Studies in Oceanography. 58, 1754-1767.

Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation
Rayner D. and Kanzow T.
International Journal of the Society for Underwater Technology. 29(4), 159-171.

Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation
Rayner D. et al.
Deep-Sea Research Part II. 58 (17-18), 1744-1753.


Observing and modelling changes in the Atlantic MOC
Cunningham S.A. and R. Marsh
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change,1, 180-190.

The present and future system for measuring the Atlantic Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport
Cunningham S.A. et al.
OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observation and Information for Society (Vol2), WPP-306,1

Deep circulation and meridonal overturing, Recent progress and a strategy for sustained observations
Rintoul S.R. et al.
OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observation and Information for Society (Vol2), [in press]

On the seasonal cycles and variability of Florida Straits, Ekman and Sverdrup transports at 26°N in the Atlantic Ocean
Atkinson C.P., Bryden H.L., Hirschi J. J.-M. , Kanzow T.
Ocean Science. 6,837-859, doi:10.5194/os-6-837-2010.

Seasonal variability of the Atlantic meridonal overturning circulation at 26.5N
Kanzow T., S.A. Cunningham, W.E. Johns, J.J.-M. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, M.O. Baringer, C.S. Meinen, M.P. Chidichimo, C. Atkinson, L.M. Beal, H.L. Bryden, J. Collins
Journal of Climate,23,5678-5698, doi:

The contribution of eastern-boundary density variations to the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N
Chidichimo M.P., Kanzow T., Cunningham S.A., Johns W.E. and Marotzke J.
Ocean Science 6, 475-490, doi:10.5194/os-6-475-2010,


Basin-wide integrated volume transports in an eddy-filled ocean
Kanzow T., H. Johnson, D. Marshall, S.A. Cunningham, J.J.-M. Hirschi, A. Mujahid, H.L. Bryden, W.E. Johns
Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39 , 3091-3110, doi:

Observed and simulated daily variability of the meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N in the Atlantic
Baehr, J., S. A. Cunningham, H. Haak, P. Heimbach, T. Kanzow, and J. Marotzke
Ocean Science 5, 575-589, doi: 10.5194/os-5-575-2009

Adjustment of the basin-scale circulation at 26°N to variations in Gulf Stream, deep western boundary current and Ekman transports as observed by the RAPID array
Bryden H.L., Mujahid A., Cunningham S.A. and Kanzow T.
Ocean Science, 5, 421-433, doi:10.5194/os-5-421-2009.

Sea Surface height signals as indicators for oceanic meridional mass transports
Hirschi J.J.-M., Killworth P.D., Blundell J.R., Cromwell D.
Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39, 581-601, DOI: 10.1175/2008JPO3923.1


On the variability of the deep meridional transports in the tropical North Atlantic
Kanzow T., Send U. and McCartney M.S.
Deep Sea Research I, 55 , 1601-1623, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.07.011

Five years of Florida Current Structure and Transport measured from the Royal Caribbean Cruise ship Explorer of the Seas
Beal L., Williams E., Hummon J., Brown O., Kearus E., Baringer, W.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C06001, doi:10.1029/2007/JC004154

Variability of shallow and deep western boundary currents off the Bahamas during 2004-2005: First results from the 26°N RAPID-MOC array
Johns W.E., Beal L.M., Baringer M.O., Molina J., Cunningham S.A., Kanzow T., Rayner D.
Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38, 605-623,

A prototype system of observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation - scientific basis, measurement and risk mitigation strategies, and first results
Kanzow, T., J. J.-M. Hirschi, C. S. Meinen, D. Rayner, S. A. Cunningham, J. Marotzke, W. E. Johns, H. L. Bryden, L. M. Beal, and M. O. Baringer, 2008
Journal of Operational Oceanography, 1, 19-28,

Detecting potential changes in the meridional overturning circulation at 26°N in the Atlantic
Baehr J., Keller K. and Marotzke J.
Climatic Change, 91, 11-27, doi: 10.1007/s10584-006-9153-z.


Temporal variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N
Cunningham S.A., Kanzow T., Rayner D., Baringer M.O., Johns W.E., Marotzke J., Longworth H.R. Grant E.M., Hirschi J.J.-M., Beal L.M., Meinen C.S., Bryden H.L.
Science, 317 , 935-938, doi:10.1126/science.1141304,

Flow compensation associated with the meridional overturning
Kanzow T., Cunningham S.A, Rayner D., Hirschi J.J.-M., Johns W.E., Baringer M.O., Bryden H.L., Beal L.M., Meinen C.S., Marotzke J.
Science, 317 , 938-941, doi:10.1126/science.1141293,

Timely detection of changes in the meridional overturning circulation at 26°N
Baehr J., Haak H., Alderson S., Cunningham S.A., Jungclaus J.H., Marotzke J.
Journal of Climate, 20, 5827-5841,

Subannual, seasonal and interannual variability of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation
Hirschi J., Killworth P.D., Blundell J.R.
Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, 1246-1265, doi:

Reconstructing the meridional overturning circulation from boundary densities and the zonal wind stress
Hirschi J. and Marotzke J.
Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, 3, 743-763, doi:

On the accuracy of North Atlantic temperature and heat storage fields from Argo
Hadfield R.E., Wells N.C., Josey S.A., Hirschi J.J.-M.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, c01009, doi:1029/JC003825.


Ocean margin densities and paleoestimates of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation: a model study
Hirschi J., Lynch-Stieglitz J.
Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems , 7, doi:10.1029/2006GC001301

Variability in Deep Western Boundary Current transports: Preliminary results from 26.5°N in the Atlantic.
Meinen, C.S., M.O. Baringer, and S.L. Garzoli
Geophys. Res. Letters, 2006. 33(17) doi:10.1029/2006GL026965

Monitoring the deep integrated meridional flow in the tropical North Atlantic Long-term performance of a geostrophic array
Kanzow T., Send U., Zenk W., Chave A. and Rhein M.
Deep Sea Research I, 2006, 53, 528-546 doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2005.12.007


Ocean gyres and abrupt change in the thermohaline circulation: a conceptual analysis.
Longworth, H., J. Marotzke, and T.F. Stocker J. Climate, 2005. 18(13): p.

Slowing of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation at 26°N
Bryden H.L., Longworth H.R. and Cunningham S.A.
Nature, 438, pp 655-657.

Seasonal variation of ocean bottom pressure derived from GRACE: Local validation and global patterns
Kanzow T., Flechtner F., Chave A., Schmidt R., Schwintzerm P. and Send U.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 2005. 110(C09001): p. doi:10.1029/2004JC002772.

Estimating ocean transports with dynamic height moorings: An application in the Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current at 26°N
Johns W.E., Kanzow T. and Zantopp R.
Deep Sea Research, 2005. 52(8): p. 1542-1567. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2005.02.002

Deep Western Boundary Current East of Abaco: Mean structure and transport
Bryden H.L., Johns W.E. and Saunders P.M.
Journal of Marine Research, 2005. 63: p. 35-57. doi:10.1357/0022240053693806


Monitoring the meridional overturning circulation in the North Atlantic: A model-based array design study
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